covid fca test case

Business Interruption Supreme Court Announcement

The Supreme Court judgment in the FCA Business Interruption Test Case was published on Friday 15 January 2021. The full judgment together with a copy of the FCA’s press release is available here

As your insurance broker, we are currently reviewing the ruling to help support our customers and are liaising closely with your insurer to obtain clarity from them. We appreciate that you may have questions however, at this time, we ask for your patience until we, or your insurer, are able to respond to you directly regarding how, or if, this may impact any business interruption claim/s you may have. In the meantime we have highlighted the key takeaways for policyholders below:

  1. Notifiable Disease: cover will be available under all of the Notifiable Disease extensions considered by the Supreme Court for losses caused by the wider COVID-19 pandemic. This outcome extends to the QBE wordings under consideration which had been given a narrower application by the High Court. 
  2. Non-Damage Denial of Access: these extensions were construed more widely than they had been by the High Court in a number of respects, in particular:
    1. the public authority action necessary to trigger the cover need not necessarily have the force of law (such as government guidance or announcements); and
    2. the prevention of access to or inability to use premises need not be absolute meaning that closure of a discrete part of a business could be sufficient to trigger cover.
  3. Causation and trends: consistent with the outcome of the High Court judgment, the Supreme Court did not find favour with the narrow arguments around causation and trends clauses advanced by insurers. In practical terms, on the wordings in issue, the findings of the Supreme Court will make it difficult for insurers to limit recovery on the basis that losses would have been caused in any event by the wider COVID-19 pandemic. 
  4. Orient Express: the Supreme Court determined that the case of Orient Express Hotels v Generali was wrongly decided and that it should be overruled.


Next Steps

As always, we work with the best interests of our customers in mind. While the Supreme Court judgment is positive for those policyholders whose policies are directly in scope, it will not have identical ramifications for each customer or each claim.  It remains the case that not all policies will respond to COVID-19 BI losses. Please bear with us while we work through the implications of the decision and commentary set out in the judgment. 

In the meantime, the FCA has advised that it expects insurers to move quickly to pay claims that the judgment says should be paid, making interim payments wherever possible.  On this basis, policyholders who anticipate a recoverable claim should prepare and present a fully quantified claim as soon as possible.

We recognise that many policyholders will have ongoing losses but we recommend preparation and presentation of interim claims as soon as possible to facilitate requests for interim payments from insurers.  Our teams are available to provide support and information to assist with preparation of claims.    

Our team or your insurer will be in touch with you to discuss the impact of the decision on any outstanding Business Interruption claims as soon as possible. 


You Could Save Over 30%*

Contact our team to receive a no obligation, instant quote today.

Want more? Subscribe to our bulletin.

Quotes from well-known and specialist insurers, including:

Insurers smei work with